CS61B Guide
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Sets
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Basics

A Set stores a collection of values with no duplicates. Sets have no inherent order, so you can't rely on expecting any value to come before any other value when iterating through them.
Some set functions include:
  • add(T x)
  • contains(T x)
  • size()

ArraySet

An ArraySet is an array-based solution to a set implementation.
  • Objects get added to an array that gets resized when it's too full.
  • In order to allow for iteration, we can use one of two methods:
    • One method is to use iterators which work very similarly to Python iterators:
      Iterator<Integer> seer = set.iterator();
      while (seer.hasNext()) {
      System.out.println(seer.next());
      }
    • Another method is to implement the Iterator and Iterable interface.
      • Iterator must implement hasNext() and next() methods
      • Requires generic type
      • Iterable must implement iterator() method which returns the Iterable object
      • Allows usage of for/foreach loops
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Basics
ArraySet